Parodontitis (colloquially periodontal disease) is an inflammatory bacterial disease of the periodontium. It is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults!
The early detection and treatment of parondotitis is of utmost importance for the preservation of teeth and health in general. Often it is diagnosed much too late, as it initially causes no symptoms, progresses spasmodically and is often limited to certain tooth surfaces. Bacterial plaque is always the cause of various forms of periodontitis.
Certain influences are responsible for the progression of the disease with:
- Inheritance (periodontal disease gene in detectable nowadays by laboratory test)
- Ineffective oral hygiene
- Reservoir of bacteria on teeth (caries, supernatant filling and dental crown margins)
- Weakened Immune System
- Disturbed intestinal flora, vitamin and nutrient deficiency
- Uneven tooth load (malfunction)
The dangerous aspect of periodontitis is that it not only destroys the teeth and causes bad breath, but is also often associated with above average frequency with serious systemic diseases, such as:
- Coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction (bacteria from the mouth enter the bloodstream and can an inflammation of the heart and cause congestion of the blood vessels)
- Underweight premature births (the bacteria stimulate the production labour inducing hormones)
- Badly adjusted Diabetes
- Lung infections
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Infections of artificial joints
The correlations are clearly and scientifically provable, only the causal relationship is still being debated among professionals. The consistent, proper treatment of periodontal disease begins with the clinical findings of the initial condition, the professional tooth cleaning and guidance regarding effective oral care. Only after a thorough pre-cleaning, the treatment measures for the individual teeth (which are usually affected to varying degrees) can be set. With modern methods of Periodontology, the pathological periodontal pockets can be closed again and even destroyed bones can be regenerated.
The follow-up, as shown by numerous scientific studies, is the key to success in the treatment of periodontitis. Because starts at the point where your homely possibilities to stop. In general “niches” will remain, which are incompletely or not accessible in the domestic private dental care, because 100% of the plaque cannot be removed using a toothbrush and other aids alone. Wherever gum pockets of 4 mm or more are left, bacterial plaque are removed thoroughly but gently by professional tooth cleaning, in order to eliminate existing infections and prevent further inflammation.